Chemicals and Industrial Pollution

Chemicals and Industrial Pollution

Due to economic activities, many chemical substances are released to the environment. Some of these substances stay in the environment for a very long time due to not being able to degrade easily, some accumulate via the food chain (initially absorbed by simple life forms, then increasing concentration in higher life forms as many simple organisms are consumed as food), or, if toxic, they exert harmful effects to plants, animals, and humans. The effects are practically irreversible: and the ecosystems are not able to recover. Humans are exposed to these substances in many ways and adverse effects start to occur: illness, disruption of the endocrine, reproductive and immune systems, neurobehavioral disorders and an increased risk of developing cancer. Hazardous substances originate from various sources: from wastewater discharges, industrial processes, from households and small-scale services (using consumer products containing hazardous substances), from run-off from agricultural areas, and from atmospheric deposition. These substances have been identified in sediments, wastewater sludge, coastal and surface waters in the Baltic Sea region.

From 2004 the Center for Transboundary Cooperation - St. Petersburg implementing international projects and programs on chemicals management. The results of projects implemented in 2004 - 2012, have contributed to:

  • Dialogue between stakeholders from Northwest of Russia and EU member states;
  • Raising awareness among wide range of people about potential risks associated with the use of consumer goods containing hazardous substances;
  • Development of city environmental programs and hazardous substances management strategies.




Eduard Podgaiskii